Navigating the job market often begins with understanding job descriptions. These crucial elements are more than just listings; they are a gateway to potential career opportunities.

Knowing how to effectively read and interpret job descriptions can help you determine not only if you are a good fit for the role but also if the role is a good fit for you.

Here’s a step-by-step guide to master the art of reading job descriptions:

Title and Summary

The job title is your first clue about the nature of the position. It should give you a broad idea of the level (entry, mid, senior) and the field or specialisation. The summary that follows usually provides a concise overview of the role’s main objectives and its place within the organization.

  • Action Tip: Compare the title and summary with similar positions in the industry to gauge standards and expectations.


This section outlines the day-to-day activities associated with the role. It’s often presented in bullet points for clarity.

  • Action Tip: Visualise performing these tasks daily. Do they align with your skills and interests? Also, look for terms like “lead” or “support,” as they indicate the level of responsibility and autonomy expected.

Requirements and Qualifications

Here, employers list the necessary skills, experience, and educational background. This section is crucial for assessing your eligibility.

  • Action Tip: Identify which qualifications are listed as “required” and which are “preferred.” Ensure you meet all or most of the required qualifications before applying.


Skills can be split into hard skills (technical abilities specific to the job) and soft skills (interpersonal qualities).

  • Action Tip: Match your own skills with both lists. Note any specific tools or software you need to be familiar with and consider how your soft skills align with those desired by the employer.

Company Overview

Often, a brief section about the company culture or history is included. This helps you understand the organisation’s values and environment.

  • Action Tip: Research the company beyond the description. Visit their Vidu profile, check reviews on platforms like Glassdoor, and see how they present themselves on social media to get a full picture of their culture and ethics.

Compensation and Benefits

While not always detailed in a job description, any information about salary, benefits, or perks can be crucial.

  • Action Tip: If details are vague or not included, prepare to discuss these aspects during an interview or use resources like Payscale or LinkedIn Salary to get an estimate of what you should expect.

A well-written job description offers a wealth of information that can help you make informed decisions about your career path. By systematically analysing each section and matching it with your own skills and aspirations, you can better position yourself as the ideal candidate and ultimately decide whether the opportunity aligns with your professional goals.

Remember, the job description is not just a recruitment tool—it’s a preliminary contract of expectations between you and your potential employer.

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